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Monthly Archives: November 2016

Way to Compress a File

He needs to open the files and folders in the compression software, and then extract them to convert them to their original format. Even if the files are compressed into a smaller size, their quality remains the same. File compression is definitely a useful way to save space. There are many software available in the market which are specially intended to be used for the purpose of compressing files. Below are some software and methods used for this purpose.

Compressing a File Using WinZip

WinZip is considered the best file compression tool, and is used by a majority of people all over the world. Its trial version can be downloaded from the Internet for free. It certainly does the job in an efficient manner. It compresses the files selected, and puts them together in a single file which is known as a .zip file. This file is way smaller in size than the original files’ size, and takes up less memory space. If you then want to view the contents in the file, you need to run the WinZip software and unzip or extract the files. This process may sound confusing at first, but it is really a very simple task.

Run the WinZip application, and select the ‘New’ icon which is at the upper left hand corner of the application window. Choose a folder or a drive where you would prefer to save the .zip file. You will have to name the compressed file before adding files to the archive. After naming the file, a new window will appear that will allow you to add a file that you want to compress. For adding multiple files, you need to click on the ‘add’ icon. As you keep adding multiple files, the files are compressed and stored in the folder which you named for storing compressed files. When all the selected files have been compressed, you may click on ‘File’ option, and select ‘close archive’.

Compressing a File Using WinRAR

WinRAR is also a very famous tool used for file compression. You can download its trial version from the Internet. Even if the trial period expires, you can still use it without any issues, but you will get a smaller window notifying that the trial period has expired. To start with the file compression process, run the WinRAR application and click on the ‘Add’ icon which is on the top left of the application window. Name the file to store compressed files, and select the compression format. It is recommended that you choose the .rar format, as its compression rate is much higher than the .zip format. After selecting the format, click on the ‘File’ menu and add the files you want to compress. Press the ‘OK’ button to start the compression process. A rar extractor can be used to retrieve the files. In this way you can make large-sized files into smaller-sized ones without affecting the original quality.

Types of Computer Software

Types of Computer Software

System Software
System software coordinates the complete system hardware and provides an environment or platform for all the other types of software to work in. It is the most basic type of software in any computer system, which is essential for other programs, applications and indeed for the whole computer system to function.
(System software examples – Microsoft Windows XP, Mac OS, Linux, Windows Vista, Ubuntu, device drivers, etc.)

Application Software
Application software are those that help the user perform the tasks of his/her choice. They are non-essential software which are installed and run depending upon the requirements, in the environment provided by the system software.
(Application software examples – MS Office, OpenOffice, Media Players, MS Access, educational software, media development software, Antivirus software, etc. )

Programming Software
Programming software are used to write, test, debug and develop other software programs and applications. The various programming language editors such as Eclipse- a Java language editor, come under this category. They are used for creating both the system as well as application software.
(Programming software examples – Turbo C, Xilinx, Kiel, compilers, debuggers, Integrated Development Environment (IDE), etc.).

Sub-types of Computer Software

Apart from the above major types of software, there are many other sub-types such as the ones mentioned below.

Freeware- Freeware are a type of software that anyone can download from the Internet and use for free.
(Examples – Google Talk, Yahoo Messenger, uTorrent, etc.)

Shareware- Shareware are usually distributed for free on a trial basis. It can be shared without violation of any laws. They usually stop working or prompt the user to purchase the full version, once the trial period expires.
(Examples – BearShare, Kazaa, Winzip, etc.)

Registry Cleaners- When you install a lot of software, games, etc., your computer’s registry gets clogged. Registry cleaners are used to clean up or delete all the invalid registry entries which has the benefit of speeding up your computer.
(Examples- TuneUp Utilities, Eusing, etc.)

Content Control Software- These software allow you to control the content that can be accessed by a user on a computer. They are mostly used for restricting access over the Internet.
(Example- K9 Web Protection, PGSurfer, etc.)

Project Management Software- As its name suggests, project management software is a software package that helps multiple users to work on a project simultaneously. It allows them to schedule events, network with the other users, allocate resources, etc.
(Example- Microsoft Office Project Server, HyperOffice, 24SevenOffice, etc.)

Utility Software- They are usually small programs that help in the management of the hardware and the application software, installed on a computer.
(Example- Disk defragmenters, Disk cleaners, etc.)

Open Source Software- This is a type of software the source code for which is available to all users (open). As such, anyone can make changes to it and release their own new version.
(Example- Android OS, OpenOffice, etc.)

Browsers- Browsers are software that let you surf or browse the Internet.
(Example- Internet Explorer, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, etc.)

With constant advancements in the field of software engineering, several new software and applications are being developed every day. Hence, the list provided above shouldn’t be considered definitive, as in the coming years, many more newer types of software would have been developed.

The Benefits of using Video Submission Software

Nobody can deny the value of advertising as a marketing tool. The advertisements that are shown on the TV channels are effective in boosting sales figures. The same trick is being repeated over the Internet to reach the target audience and that too, at cheaper rates. Videos that are used to market the products of small businesses, give them an opportunity to compete with the big companies.

How do you post your videos on the Internet? Do you outsource the task to a video submission service, or access each website, that you are interested in, manually, to post the video, or use a software that does the task automatically? Here are the benefits of choosing the third option.

Video Marketing
Video marketing involves making catchy videos for Internet users. However, posting these videos on the frequently visited video submission sites, such as the social bookmarking sites, big video sharing networks, podcast directories, blogs, and major article directories, is a mechanical and time-consuming task.

Video submission software programs, that are available in the market, are not only fully capable of automating this task, but they can speed up the process tremendously. A good video submission tool should allow you to submit your video content to as many as 30 video directories, by uploading it only once. This saves, literally, number of hours, which an individual would require for manual uploading.

Video Editing
In addition, these tools allow the users to tinker with their videos to make them more presentable and effective. By using interfaces provided by the submission software, you can edit your video to present essential information, add captions to bring the features of products to the notice of the viewers, and use picture slides to create a video.

SEO
Many of these submission tools let you optimize your video, so as to make it easy for the search engines to find it. A video, well-optimized, with meta tags, titles, and descriptions can easily bring it to the notice of search engines. A video, fulfilling the optimization criteria of the search engines, has a fat chance of ranking on the first page. This improves the chances of website visitors accessing the video. Isn’t it exactly what a business using video marketing to boost the sales figures of a product wants?

Uses of Old Computers

Good Uses of Old Computers

Personal Entertainment System
This is probably considered to be the most common choice of users planning to purchase a new computer. If the PC is in running condition and has a decent hard drive space, you can use it as a personalized entertainment console. You can install software for playing audio files, a DVD drive, a powerful speaker system, and other devices in a typical entertainment system. You can even arrange web access on this system, in case you want to play online radio or watch movies.

File Database
If you are a user with several computing devices, you can create a file database by using the old system. You simply have to increase the hard drive space of the old computer, establish a wired or wireless connection by using a Network-attached Storage (NAS) device, and start accessing the database through your personal laptop. With this, you can retrieve data when you need it, without having it stored on the hard drive of your new computer.

Sell, Recycle or Donate
If you do not want to use the old system for any purpose, you can make some money by selling it online. There are many sites that you can use like eBay or Craigslist where you can get good deals. Now this applies to a PC which is in working condition. Selling is one of the uses of an old computer in the sense that you can use it to make some money. Recycling is another way of computer disposal. There are recycling programs whereby you can make money by recycling your old computer. Now, isn’t that a use for old computers? Or donate. Yes, donating your old computer to someone in need of it, is a great way of putting it to good use.

External Hard Disk
In case most parts of your computer have become dysfunctional but the hard drive is still worth using, you can consider using the computer as a means of external storage. You can use your old computer as your ‘customized’ external hard disk. You will need to spend a few bucks on the USB and adapters though.

Trial and Error
Another option for using an old computer is to set it up as a ‘trial and error’ machine. If you do not want to try out various third-party software and hardware on your new laptop, you can certainly use the old system. You can try out different applications, new operating systems, and similar utilities. You can even hand over the system to your children for understanding the basics of computing by installing educational software, typing practice programs, memory games, etc.

Television and Video Recorder
If the CRT monitor has no display problems, you can use it uniquely. You can make a TV or program recorder out of it. Note that you will need some devices for doing so, like an external TV tuner card and an aerial cable. Using the software that comes along with the TV tuner, you can even record TV shows. This is surely the best way an old CRT monitor can be used.

Backup and Occasional Use
Your old computer can even serve as a backup in case of emergencies, when you don’t have your laptop. Maybe you need to send an important email or create a presentation. Your guests may want to use a computer, which is when you can have them use the old one. In this case though, you will have to ensure that the computer is in working condition, and that it at least performs its basic functions.

Video Game Station
Instead of giving your system in scrap, it is a good idea to upgrade it and use it as a home gaming console. Instead of loading and playing games on your laptop, you can use your old PC for this kind of entertainment. With just a graphics card and some video and audio drivers, you can start using the gaming system. If possible, have web access ready for enjoying online games. With this you can separate gaming and entertainment from personal data and software you work on.

These are believed to be the best ways of using old computers. There are many other creative ways such as using the computer case as a letter box at the gate, an office coffee pot, a resting place for your pet; or simply using the mouse as a toothbrush holder. You can be as creative as your want with using old computer parts.

Advantages of Computers

Because of the several computer advantages, it has become an important household item. Be it office, home, or school, it has become an indispensable device for us. A computer operated by an individual without any specific computer operator is called a personal computer (PC). A PC can be a desktop or a laptop computer, and can be used at home or at office. As per the requirement of the user, software is installed in a PC.

One can write more effectively by means of a computer. A computer allows the user to create documents, edit, print, and store them so that they can be retrieved later.

  • There are tools like spelling and grammar checker, thesaurus and dictionary, installed in the computer. Thus, it takes less time to proofread a written document
  • Also, there is no need to open up a dictionary book to look for meanings of words.
  • Typing is much faster than writing on a paper.
  • If there is a need for reorganizing the sentences or paragraphs, one can cut and paste and make the necessary changes.

Using a computer, one can remain connected to the world through the Internet. Internet is a network of computers that communicate via the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP).

  • The World Wide Web (WWW) or simply web is a huge resource of information that can be accessed via the Internet.
  • To mention a few of the resources, there are electronic mail (e-mail), file transferring and sharing, online chat, and gaming. The Internet allows people from around the world to share knowledge, ideas, and experiences in any field.
  • E-mail is a method of communication used globally, between friends, colleagues, business partners, and so on.
  • The electronic mail is provided with a system of creating, storing, and forwarding mails.
  • It may consist of text messages with attachments of audio-visual clips. One can also download or upload files using the Internet.
  • There are also facilities like online chatting available on the Internet. As compared to telephonic conversation, both e-mail and online chat are cost saving.
  • Online gaming is another important resource of the WWW. Many online games are available, which are of common interest for any age group.

Right from banking to investment, a user can accomplish the task by sitting within the comfort zone of his/her home.

  • With this, one no longer needs to stand in the line for money withdrawing, depositing, or conducting other transactions. The same facility is available for making investments.
  • In addition, one can read current news, check weather conditions, plan vacations, and make hotel and travel reservations, find out about diseases and treatment methods, learn about specific countries and their cultures, seek jobs, etc. over the Internet.
  • If a computer has Internet connection facility, one can shop and that too in discounted rates. The purchased products will be delivered to the provided address, thus saving both time and money.

Nowadays, computers are widely used for education and training purposes.

  • In schools, computer education has been made compulsory to spread awareness about computers. As a matter of fact, computers have become a learning tool for children.
  • Indeed, a student can use the PC as a storage system for many books. Also, there are many universities that provide online degrees, which are very advantageous for those people staying in remote areas and for the disabled. In fact, online education is one of the most flexible and convenient forms of learning.
  • One can take the benefit of such online degree programs staying at home without the need of relocation.
  • Computers are also used for training purposes. Many companies use them to train their staff.

However, in spite of the many advantages of computers, there are some disadvantages that cannot be ignored. First and foremost, sitting for long hours in front of the PC will affect one’s eyes and hamper his activity level. The easy access to information via Internet has made students lazy in terms of their education since they are able to download information without exploring their topic of research. They also use computers for mathematical tables and calculations without actually solving the problems. Also, it is important for parents to keep a check on the browsing habits of their children as some websites are not meant for their viewing. Other disadvantages include identity theft and virus threat. Computers viruses are harmful to the systems and can be transferred from one computer system to another.