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Monthly Archives: December 2016

Way to Share Files Between Computers

File sharing in a network is one of the important reason why the computers are connected. But many of us who have recently setup a network, are often unable or find it difficult to share the data. In other words, the hardware part is done, the computers are connected, but how to get the network into action? Sharing files between computers is not a difficult task. Let us go through various considerations and steps that are required to undertake this task.

Prerequisites

Here it is assumed that you have already completed the hardware part for creating your network. Now, let us proceed to the other prerequisites. You need to first consider if the IP address in all the systems is set up in the same scheme. Each IP address should be different from the other, but the scheme should be same. It implies that, the IP address of the computers in a network should be in the same class. It has basically four classes: Class A, B, C, and D. In general, Class C is the most used scheme for the local area networks or home networks. It will be something like 192.168.254.x, where x can be any number. The x is the only number that you can vary and it can be anything from 1 to 255. Once you have assigned a unique IP address to all the computers, your next step is to provide a unique name to each of them.

The process is very simple for all the systems running on the Windows operating system. Just right click on the My Computer icon and select Properties. For Windows Vista, just click on the settings tab and then on ‘change’ and for Windows XP, click on the computer name tab and then on ‘change’. You also need to have the same workgroup to get your file sharing task done. Go to My Network Places and from options on the right side, select ‘Set up a small home or office network’. Now follow the steps and when you get the option for entering the workgroup name, type a common name in all the computers. Also you need to set the same subnet mask for the all the computers in a network. If you are using class C scheme, your subnet mask will be 255.255.255.0. You also need to select the same protocol for all the devices to run smoothly in the same network.

Once you are done with this, your network is ready to share files between its units. If one of the computers is connected to the Internet, then you can type in the IP address of that machine in the default gateway option and all the devices can access Internet through it. However, our primary concern here is to share files, hence let’s move forward to the next part.

How to Share Files

It is very easy to share files once you have completed your network. Go to network places and double click on the workgroup name you have created. It will contain the name of different computers. Double click on your computer name. Here you can store all the files that you want to share. Another way is to simply right click on the folder which contains the files you want to share and click on ‘Share’. However, how would you access the files that other units in the network are sharing with you? You can simply follow the same steps as in the previous case, but instead of double clicking on your own computer name, simply click on the name of the computer from which you want to access the resources. Also, if you want users to access your files, but do not want them to make any changes to, then what would you do? The process is simple. Simply right click on the file and select properties. Click on the sharing tab and set the option for not allowing users to modify any content.

How to Increase Download Speeds

Internet Connection
The first thing that you need to take into consideration is the Internet connection. If you do not have broadband Internet, then you should get it, since it is much faster than the old dial-up Internet connection. If you are already on an active cable connection, ask your Internet Service Provider (ISP) about more advanced options. The Internet speed is obviously the most vital thing; the faster it is, the better will be your download speed.

Running Programs
Shut down all the programs and applications that are running in the background, while you are downloading. This will considerably speed up the entire process. It is also advisable to set the downloads for a particular time, when you are not working on your PC; it means that there are no programs running in the background that can slow down the speed.

Antivirus Software
It will carry out regular updates and security scans. While these processes are going on, the entire machine will run much slower than normal. This is something that is unavoidable, so you must ensure that your downloads and scans are not functioning at the same time.

Prioritize Downloads
If you are downloading too many files at the same time, all of them will be running at slower speeds. You need to decide whether one type of download is more important than another, and pause the rest till the most crucial one is not completed. The more you prioritize your downloads, the faster they will be completed.

Time of Download
Sometimes, there are more people trying to download the same file as you are, during a particular time of the day. If you find out that your download speed is immensely slow, then maybe you should just try at a different time. When there is less traffic, the download speed will be noticeably higher.

Download Accelerator
There are certain free software downloads available over the Internet, that are known as download accelerators. These manage the active downloads on your machine, and increase its performance during downloading process. These programs alter the way by which the machines resources are distributed, which can help you in different ways. If you are looking to increase speed in BitTorrent, a download accelerator is surely a solution for you.

Application Server Vs. Web Server

What is an Application Server?

An application server is a software framework, which is dedicated to the efficient execution of programs, routines, or scripts to support the construction of various applications. This term was originally used to describe client-server applications and servers, which ran SQL services and middleware servers, so as to be able to differentiate them from file servers. It was later that the term came to be used in the context of web applications. However, it has evolved into a more comprehensive service layer. An application server is nothing but a set of components, which are accessible to the software developer through an API defined by the platform itself. In web applications, these components are often in the same machine as the web server as its main job is to support the construction of dynamic pages. However, now they do not just target the generation of web pages, they also implement services like clustering, fail-over, and load balancing. Due to this, developers can focus their energies on implementing business logic.

What is a Web Server?

A web server is a computer program which delivers content, like web pages, using the Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP), over the World Wide Web. The term may also stand for a computer or a virtual machine, which runs a program. The primary objective of a web server is to deliver web pages to clients. Such a delivery consists of HTML documents or any additional content which may be included in the document, like images, style sheets, and JavaScript. The communication is initiated by the client, commonly called a web browser or web crawler. By making request for a specific bit of information using HTTP, the request is met with a response by the server and the content is sent over. In case of a problem, an error message is sent back. The server also receives content from clients. Such a feature is often used for submitting web forms and for uploading files.

Application Server Vs. Web Server

Like there is confusion about application software and system software, there is also confusion about web servers and application servers. The basic difference between these is that the web server serves pages for viewing in a web browser, whereas an application server gives the required methods that can be called by client applications. In other words, HTTP requests are handled by web servers and business logic is served to application programs through a number of protocols by the application server. In an application server, a client can use GUI’s and web servers, whereas in web servers the client can use HTML or HTTP. If any functionality is to be added, an application adds the same, however, the same is not the case with web servers.